For the exercise, the facilitator introduced the problem identified by participants and a depiction of the problem (word, symbol, picture) is noted on a flipchart. The facilitator then explained that problems are like a tree, with causes of the problems like roots and manifestations in the leaves, flowers and fruits.
In some versions, the facilitator explores what the manifestations of a problem are, to understand how the issue reaches other spheres of people's lives.
To explore the roots of the problem, the group draws and writes root causes on a flipchart. Around each idea, participants discussed and reflected on why and how the idea was a cause of the problem.
Focusing on a social cause of the problem (i.e. traditions), the facilitator starts a new flipchart to unpack its root causes, repeating the same exercise to dig deeper and unpack existing socio-cultural factors.
Finally, based on these factors, the group explores ways to overcome some of the causes they have identified.